Tigrayan womens health
This was done to enhance the comparability of findings with other studies investigating reproductive and sexual health among HIV positive women.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the. Journal of International Pharmaceutical Science and Research 2013; 4:19181929. Perspect Sex Reprod Health 36(3 106112.
The collected data also were not linked with the individual identity at all level of data processing and analysis. Beyeza-Kashesya J, Kaharuza F, Ekström AM, Neema S, Kulane A,. The proportions of HIV positive women who were using contraceptive in Uganda, 34 22, Swaziland,.9 10, and Uganda, 25 18, found to be lower than our study participants.
After testing for co-linearity 33 and interaction 34, all covariates with statistically significant associations in the bivariable analysis were included in multivariable logistic regression models to obtain adjusted estimates of the association between covariates and contraceptive use. Three-quarters (75.6) of the participants were from urban areas. In the same region (Tigray.3 of contraceptive use was reported by Berhane.
A study conducted in Ethiopia pointed out that womens access to health services is frequently determined by their husbands, which can serve to inhibit womens utilisation of formal health resources, in addition to the expectation that the husband is widely expected to be available for. Mangeni JN, Mwangi A, Mbugua S, Mukthar. Medical chart was reviewed to confirm HIV status, ART use history and other medical characteristics of HIV positive women.
Family planning services include barrier, oral, and injectable contraceptive methods as well as family planning counseling from a trained family planning nurse.
The authors are grateful to Mekelle University, Tigray Regional Health Bureau, study participants, data collectors and supervisors. Citation: Melaku YA, Zeleke EG (2014) Contraceptive Utilization and Associated Factors among HIV Positive Women on Chronic Follow Up Care in Tigray Region, Northern Ethiopia: A Cross Sectional Study. The data were entered into EpiData version.1, and cleaned and analyzed using Stata version.1.
This study is also believed to benefit many concerned stakeholders in decision making and policy development. Funding: This work was primarily supported as part of the routine activities of the Tigray Regional Health Bureau. As shown, the most common type of contraceptive ever used before and after HIV diagnosis was injectable (86.9 and.8, respectively).
(2008) The relationship between haart use and sexual activity among HIV-positive women of reproductive age in Brazil, South Africa, and Uganda.
Thanks for your help! More than two-fifths of the participants were married at the time of survey.
It was not, however, possible to determine the exact relationship between the number of antenatal care visits and the risk of maternal death from this relatively small study, and we have no evidence that there was a linear relationship; simply that more visits were advantageous.
Methods, a community-based case-control study was conducted, with 62 cases and 248 controls from six randomly-selected rural districts. 5 Conclusions Husbands involvement in maternal health care, womens participation in the WDA, a lack of pre-existing medical illness, and ever using contraceptives were all independently and significantly associated with lower risks of maternal mortality.
High levels of mortality continue, particularly in low-resource regions such as sub-Saharan Africa, despite widespread recognition of womens rights to the highest standards of maternity care. The impact of including husbands in antenatal health education services on maternal health practices in urban Nepal: results from a randomized controlled trial.
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012; 12:28. In each health center the number of study participants was allocated proportionally to the load of HIV positive women in chronic care clinics. Central Statistical Agency Ethiopia and ORC Macro (2012) Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2011.